Folktales of the Past
Aeons ago, there lived a newlyweds deuce who share the same true love each, was in a village had suddenly met a contretemps in a briefed whilst that, his beloved beautiful wife was entrapped by an unexpected death. The sudden demised of his wife abruptly wrapped him with a tide of remorse such that he could not stop weeping for her any longer. And his unstoppable yearning for her had unbearably pressed him to pay regular visits to her grave and mourned on it. Hereafter, he was miraculously filled with a visionary dream in a broad daylight that he was with her in heaven abode. He was, suddenly, spanked with resentment because he senses her slender body in heaven where people need not worry about. But she advised him return to the earth and bring her some delicious foods to her graveyard so that she could regain her physical strength in a short while. When the vision disappears, this man began to gather wheat, maize, rice, millet, fruits and bread made of loose grain. He put all the food items in the basket–scuttle them and plunk down on the surface of the graveyard. Later that moment, he continuously follows the tradition when her death anniversary arrived. He believed that her spirit would come down and consume the stockpiles to regain her healthy breed.
Concerning her wishes, he has had the same vision, this time, his lovely wife was becoming stout; gained a charming body. And she pleased him the way how he accomplished her wishes and, to such extent, the ritual gradually became a tradition.
One day, the village folks had suddenly discovered a ritual ceremony undertaken by a man at the burying place, to saw this, they all sunk into the man’s grief and in return console him not to perform the ritual again. Instead, they agreed to adopt the anniversary to be celebrated in every post-harvest season, so that they could be free from different kinds of assignment.
The villagers had been continuously celebrated the occasion with the introduction of different traditional games and sports. Such as high-jump, Mithun jump (a jump over the live Mithun), tug-of-war, javelin throw, short-put, hoop games (kangkap), and relay-race; bow-and-arrows shooting competition and much more. Although,but lastly, the villagers came together and realised that all the accumulated crops should be used to bestow the heavenly God.
Though, until the introduction of Christianity in our land, Chavang Kut celebration was sometimes used to give thanks to ancestors and spirits of the deeased kith and kins, as well as, to welcome in a new beginning.
Naturally, Chavang Kut is the most miscegenation or a composite traditional showcase festival. It always contained the scheme of cultural highlights of the past. And, itself is now, differently crossbreed with modernity through the adaptation of the western culture. However, the traditional dances, and folk music, folklores and folk songs. Since the past, it could sometimes be customize to absorb extra ethical build ups and intermittently, could be also interlope a venerating of one’s successful life, and sometimes, conjointly uphold a celebration of something that benefits the Kut tribes and also may constantly be re-designed to buttress any customary values, and extend to some sort of a traditional customary recreation in a wider concepts. But the historic events we share in this ‘Celebration of Brotherhood’s Chavang Kut has gained momentum since 2014 in Galngam Lentol, Moreh. Since then, it was the first kind in this millennium Kuki era cogently refurbish by PS Haokip, the President of Kuki National Organisation (KNO) for delving to reverberate a relationship amongst the long lost Manasseh brethren in Asia.
The celebration of Brotherhood has been instituted since the Kukis had gained absolute knowledge of genealogical link with Manasseh in the year of the Lord, 2014. But some people knew it since the 1940s and that let them the conversion into Judaism religion.
Literally, the word Chavang refers to autumn or harvest season and Kut refers to a grand festival has widely recognised and observed by the government of Manipur as state level festival. The same has been observed by the Nagaland state government since years ago. Therefore, the brotherhood celebration introduce in 2014 was aimed to construct peace and cultural integration amongst the kindred tribes of Manasseh and, moreover, to spread the message of spiritual salvation through Jesus Christ to all the kindred tribes is established in the main agenda. In fact, it, however, is the purpose driven politics herded by the Almighty God.
As narrated by Rev. Chomlhun, in the biblical term, God had forsaken the children of Israel then Manasseh was chosen from amongst the twelve tribes to be held in high esteem for the purpose of spreading Christianity faith to all over the land of the long lost Manasseh kindred tribes in Asia. As God had given assurance to His servant Rev. Chomlhun that, for a brief moment He abandon the Manasseh people, but with great compassion, He would gather them again.
As God swear to His servant, we are witnessing the disperse–lost kindred of Manasseh, who are now, discovered and accumulated across the Asian continent since 2014 has reached about 307 kindred groups now.
In contrast with the then Christian pioneer missionary like Walkin Robert’s account in the 1910s, the same theory had been witnessed by him in Senvon village during their three-day fasting prayer programme (along with Dr Rochung Pudaite’s paternal father), God has had revealed him that the Kuki tribes settling in the vast territory of land were not an ordinary tribals but God’s chosen people, one of the lost tribes of Israel, therefore, he (Walkin Robert), was told to preach the message of spiritual salvation without any hesitation in thereafter. But due to the fear of absorption to the Judaism doctrine they kept it secrecy between them. Fortunately, it was, around 2013, revealed out of a sudden by Dr Rochung Pudaite while chatting with his fellow nephews long before he left for the heavenly abode.
God has always a plan, as such, His wrath was upon the Kuki nation because they did not realise that they are the descendants of Manasseh, one of the lost tribe of Israel. For this purpose, Kuki nation was invaded and fought by many other nations. The most tragic event was a division within themselves, which they cannot come together to take one stand.
When Th. Muivah led NSCN (IM) had designed a naked ethnic cleansing campaign over Kuki Country they mercilessly rape many young girls, brutally killed the innocent children and slaughtering about more than a thousands of Indian Kukis in between 1993 to 1997, uprooted more than 300 Kuki villages in their ancestral land, and displace more than one lakhs people homeless. Thus, the crime committed by the NSCN(IM) had awakened some spirituals people like Pu Seithang Doungel, Pu Helkho-on Haokip and Pu Onhol to realize it was a curse from God and believed that it could be heal only when the whole nation pray to God for forgiveness. So, they organised a prayer programme on the amount of Koubru and different suited places where prayers had been concerned by the people, they pleaded to God for His forgiveness upon the Kuki people so that such adversities would only stop in future. At that time, they formed Kuki Nampi Taona (KNT), a Kuki national prayer fellowship, headed by the three prominent leaders, to ride out massive prayer programme under the theme of ‘Pleading Forgiveness from the Almighty God’ and was accepted by God on his constant love. They lead the people to pray for the nation in every year. God heard their prayers and accepted their memorandum for forgiving the innocent Kuki people and the sins committed by their forefathers. God was pleased when His people return o him, and therefore, He revealed it to Rev. Chomlhun, His beloved servant, who lived in Myanmar in 2007. God assured him, “ I have heard the wailing voice of your prayers and the weeps of my people, the Manasseh people who prayed on the mount of Koubru, therefore, go to them and convey this messages to my people, I have heard your prayers concerning your nation and accepted your memorandum to heal your nation today.” As commanded by the Almighty God, Rev. Chomlhun went to Manipur in the same year, but, unfortunately, no one accepted him. And once again, he was sent for the same assignment in Manipur but to no avail, he was accepted by nobody.
Lastly, the message of God had reached PS Haokip, the president of Kuki National Organisation (KNO) in 2011 and he accepted it. To his amusement he said, “ I was working for the Kuki nation more than twenty years, during this space I wrote many books to prevails the hardship faced by the Kuki people to the world but nothing has been acquired from them, but now if the Lord God has consented us to help then why would we simply deny Him and say, God, it’s going to be fine please don’t help us! Thereafter, he gathers all the elders, pastors and members of Kuki Christian Leaders’ Fellowship (KCLF) in 2011 at his temporary residence in B. Vengnom, Churachandpur. During the meeting, most of the prominent church leaders had disagreed to accept the message, termed it as false prophecy because they claimed that the New Testament Bible omit spiritual vision and it is opposite to what the Bible says, so the agreement made among the congregation was about to fail in midst of the flowing consultation.
However, PS Haokip protested in against their ideas and insisted their participation in fulfilling all the message brought to them by Rev. Chomlhun because all of them had drew it negatively. Later that meeting, under his supervision the project was unveiled and programmed according to God’s plans. It, however, had harshly preached by Rev. Chomlhun, assisted by Evan. DK Samuel, to all over Kuki inhabitat land; seven occasions in seven places in Churachandpur, Chandel, and Sadar Hills, and four in Nagaland and thrice in Assam been completed in the same year. The very message was the genealogical issue about the prodigenator, Manasseh. After completion of the assignment, Rev. Chomlhun returned to PS Haokip in there, as God commanded him, he anointed PS Haokip to be the leader for gathering all the lost kindered Manasseh in Asia. Hereafter, as anointed by the Almighty God to this mission, PS Haokip had miraculously completed the discovery of all the decendants of Manasseh across the Asian continent, are classified below:
1. India, Myanmar and Chittagong Hill Tracts:
1. Kuki, 2. Mizo, 3. Kachin, 4. Chin, 5. Karbi, 6. Zeliangrong, 7. Kachari, 8. Bodo, 9. Konyak, 10. Singpho, 11. Heimi, 12. Nahen, 13. Para, 14. Makury, 15. Lainau, 16. Noaw, 17. Phom, 18. Yimchung19. Khiamnungan, 20. Chang, 21. Sangtam, 22. Upper chindwinshan, 23. Tagin, 24. Mishing, 25. Miji, 26. Adi, 27. Nocte, 28. Wancho, 29. Apatani, 30. Bugun, 31. Misi, 32. Padam, 33. Sherdukpen, 34. Tani, 35. Khamba, 36. Khamti, 37. Lishpa, 38. Memba, 39. Milang, 40. Mishmi, 41. Monpa, 42. Nyishi, 43 sangkhen, 44. Tangsa, 45. Zekhring, 46. Shan, 47. Karen, 48. Mon, 49. Palaung, 50. Tai phake, 51. Tai ahom, 52. Raeng, 53. Chakma, Tamang-Gurung-Limbu
2. Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Etc.:
54.Tai-Dam, 55.Tai-Dehong, 56.Tai-Kheun, 57.Tai Lanna, 58.Tai Lue, 59.Tai Nung, 60.Tai Yai (Shan), 61.Tai Zhuang, 62.Tai Nua, 63.Northern Tai, 64.Upper Tai, 65.Chinese Shan, 66.Hmong, 67.Akha, 68.Akha-Hani, 69.Lahu, 70.Mein, 71.Tao, 72.Yami, 73.Karen, 74.Ami/Amis, 75.Tai Lam, 76.Lao Song Dam, 77.Tai Muan, 78.Tai Tan, 79.Green Tai, 80.Red Tai, 81.White Tai, 82.Black Do, 83.Jinping Dai, 84.Tai Dan, 85.Tai Do,86.Tai Noir, 87.Thai Dan, 88.Bru, 89.Tai Lai, 90.Kaifeng, 91.Tai Yong, 92. Kaya
91. Tai Ya, 92. Tai Hongjin, 93.Khamti, 94.Tai Laing, 95.Tai Phake, 96.Tai Aiton, 97.Khayang, 98.Tai Ahom, 99.Turung, 100.Sapa, 101.Thai, 102.Northern Thai, 103.Tai Daeng, 104.Tai Don, 105.Tai Hang Tong, 106.Tai Lu, 107. Tai Dam, 108.Khun, 109.Phuan, 110.Thai Song, 111.TayTac, 112.Southern Thai, 113.Tai-Kadai, 114.Tai Hongjin, 115.Rauz, 116.Bouyei, 117.Tai Chong, 118.Lu, 119.Han Tai, 120.Huayao Tai, 121.Paxi, 122.Dong, 123.E, 124.Tai Eolai, 125.Fuma, 126.Hongjin Tai, 127.White Thai, 128.Tai Kaihua, 129.Kang, 130.Tai Lai, 131.Minggiay, 132.Mo, 133.Isan, 134.Tai Nuea, 135.Pachen, 136.Tai Payee, 137.Pemiayao, 138.Pulachee, 139.Pulungchee, 140.Puyai, 141.San Chay, 142.Shan, 143.CoaLan, 144.Yai Tai, 145.Cun, 146.Tay, 147.Thuchen, 148.Thula, 149.Tai Ya, 150.Yoy, 151.Zhuang, 152.Buyang, 153.Dian Bao, 154.Pusha, 155.Tulao, 156.Yongchun, 157.Nung, 158.Li, 159.Kra, 160.Kam-Sui, 161.Cao Miao, 162.Lakkia, 163.Biao, 164.Lingao, 165.Gejia(Miao), 166.Ayi(Nu), 167.Deng, 168.Mishmi, 169.Hu, 170.Khmu/Khammu, 171.Kucong, 172.Mang, 173.Sherpa (Nepal Eastern region…), 174.Tankas, 175.Tebbu, 176.Tuvans, 177.Waxiang, 178.Yi, 179.Tujia, 180.Uyghurs, 181.Mongols, 182.Hui, 183.Mangchu, 184.Achang, 185.Bai, 186.Blang, 187.Bonan, 188.Bouyei, 189.Chaoxian, 190.Dai, 191.Daur, 192.Deang, 193.Dong, 194.Dongxiang, 195.Dulong,196.Ewenki, 197.Gaoshan, 198.Gelao, 199.Gin, 200.Hani, 201.Hezhen, 202.Jingpo, 203.Jino, 204.Kazak, 205.Kirgiz, 206.Lahu, 207.Lisu, 208.Luoba, 209.Man, 210.Maonan, 211.Miao(Hmong), 212.Monba, 213.Mulam, 214.Naxi, 215.Nu, 216.Oroqen, 217.Primi, 218.Zang, 219.Wa,220.Salar, 221.Tagik, 222.Shui, 223.Yao,
4. Other Tai/Dai People:
224. Bajia, 225. Han Tai, 226.Shui Tai, 227.Huayao, 228.Lao Ga, 229.Lao Krang, 230.Tai Khang, 231.Lao Lom, 232.Lao Ngaew, 233.Lao Ti, 234.Lao Wieng, 235.Paxi, 236.Tai Bueng, 237.Tai Gapong, 238.Tai Kaleun, 239.Tai Khang, 240.Tai Kuan, 241.Tai Laan, 242.Tai Loi, 243.Tai Men, 244.Tai Meuiy, 245.Tai Nyo, 246.Tai Pao, 247.Tai Peung, 248.Tai Pong, 249.Tai Sam, 250.Tai Song, 251.Tai Wang, 252.Tai Yuan, 253.Tak Bai Thai, 254.Yang, 255.Moro, 256.Minangkabau, 257. Maranao, 258.Peranakan, 259.Dayak, 260.Toraja, 261.Igorot, 262.Montagnard, 263.Subanon, 264.Batak, 265.Bugkalot, 266.Igorot, 267.Kagayanen, 268.Ilongots, 269.Lumad, 270.Mangyan, 271.Molbog, 272.Negrito, 273.Palawan, 274.Tagwanba, 275.Tau’tBato, 276.Suludon, 277.Zang, 278.Yugur, 279.Yi, 280.Yao, 281.Xibe, 282.Wa, 283.Tujia, 284.Tu, 285.Tatar, 286.Tagik, 287.Shui, 288.She, 289.Ojang, 290.Primi, 291.Orogen, 292.Nu, 293.Naxi, 294.Mulam, 295.Monba, 296.Luoba, 297.Lisu, 298.Li, 299.Lahu, 300.Kirgiz, 301.Jino, 302.Hui, 303.Hezhen, 304.Hani, 305.Gin, 306.Gelao, 307.Gaoshan, 308.Ewenki, 309.Dulong, 310.Dongxiang, 311.Dong, 312.Deang, 313.Daur, 314.Bouyei, 315.Bonan, 316.Blang, 317.Bai, 318.Achang, 319.Kazak, 320.Meitei, 321. Sema, 322. Lotha, 323. Ao, 324. Garo (the above sequience contained some mistakenly arranged, it should not exceed 307 in numbers)
In the year of the Lord in 2012, God had once again, revealed the historical genesis of the Manasseh people to His beloved servant Rev. Chomlhun through a sudden spurs of vision, God set a spiritual big television, as had done to His servant Moses in Sinai, in it, God displayed the genesis migration of the Manasseh people in visual motion. And Rev. Chomlhun wrote that story in his book, ‘Manasseh: the Lost Tribe of Israel’.
As had been shown to Rev. Chomlhun, a few recorded history written by some well-known writers from the west had been rediscovered by some members who held responsible to this mission earlier are clipped in here. Today, the descendants of Kuki Manasseh people are found distantly multiplied into large numbers; their settlement swells and spread over by-two-third of the Asian continent.
According to Dr Eli Braun, in 58-75CE, Jerusalem was besieged by Titus. And in the aftermath of the Romans’ parsimonious driven attitudes, had been split into actions, convulsively open the gate for Chinese Emperor, ‘HAN’, had taken captive of the Manasseh people.
On the other hand, in scientific account, the mitochondrial DNA sequence analyses revealed traces of genetic relatedness between the Jewish ancestry claimant Kuki tribes (Mizo) and Near Eastern lineages is recorded by few independent researchers like Myer Samer, an Australian Anthropologist, Dr Khuplam Lenthang and, Hillel Halkin, the author of the book: ‘Accross the Sabbath River’.
In course of time, the western independent researcher like Eli Braun in her book, “The Virtual Jewish World”, recorded the same history as had been revealed to Rev. Chomlhun by the Almighty God.
According to her, eventually though, likely during the early Ming period, all Kaifeng Jews adopted Chinese surnames, and the 1489 inscription lists Jews with different Chinese surnames, including Li, Yen, Ai, Kao, Mu, Zhao, Gao, Zhau, Tso, Pai, Shih, Jin, Zhou, Zhang, Shi, Huang, Nie, Lí, Jín, An, Zuo and Bei. Because Emperor Ming found Hebrew name much confusing.
As there were a disproportionately high number of Manasseh people in the trading profession, it should not be surprising that some of these Jews became involved in trade with China. Up until the past century, there was a significant Jewish population in Persia, and since the Persian Jews traded with the West, there is no reason to think they did not trade with the East as well. Although there is no evidence of the existence of a Jewish community in China before the Song Dynasty, a few historians still claim that the Kaifeng Jewish community was founded in 200 CE or earlier. Most evidence supports the theory that a significant number of Jews, hundreds or perhaps thousands, migrated from Persia toKaifeng sometime during the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127). Some historians believe the Jews of Kaifeng originated in Bukhara, a city in Uzbekistan that was once part of Persia. A 1489 inscription states that 70 families came to Kaifeng, although it is unclear as to whether this meant 70 clans (surnames) or 70 families (households). No one can say for sure why this mass migration occurred; perhaps there was a famine, drought, or another natural disaster, or maybe local Persian authorities were hostile to the Jews. It is also possible that these Jews had been drawn to Kaifeng by tales of the city’s beauty and comfort, yet one can only speculate why such a large group of Jews would leave Persia, a nation where they had lived since the Babylonian Exile in 586 BCE, to venture to the distant and unknown city of Kaifeng, China. However, evidence supported that these Kaifeng people are called ‘Kaipeng’ in Tripura, North-east India.
When we observed carefully between the two theories maintained by Dr Eli Brun and God’s revelation to His servant Rev. Chomlhun, there exist a parallelly close relatedness about the children of Manasseh became slaves in China, building the Great Wall and, the way how they had been dispersed across the continent–all of them are the same on one hand different in less manner.
In AD 150, as they observed the Sabbath and refused to work, the Chinese King stole and lie low their book of law inscribed in a scroll made of leather. By AD 400, a dog(referred to the Chinese King) had stolen their scroll and they began to forget their traditions of worshipping the Almighty God. By AD 600, they completely forgot their God. In AD 1000 half contingents of Manasseh were escaped through a tunnel from the Great Wall of China. It is referred to as ‘Khul/Chinlung/Khurpui/Sinlung. Manasseh bore two sons, Songthu and Songza. In AD 1010, the Burmese referred to Songza as Kachin, and in AD 1003, Songthu as Chin. Kuki was popularised by the British in the 19th Century. [ Ref.: Rev. Chomlhun in his book, “Manasseh, The Lost Tribes of Israel” (pp. 03 & 20).
An authentic evidence also found in Dr. Horatio Bickerstaffe’s findings, recorded in his book: “The Wild Tribes of India, pp. 179-189 , today, in against of his findings, the proper limits of the numerous Kuki tribes have been discovered and, accumulated together to celebrate a genetic relationship through Manasseh brotherhood in this auspicious Chavang Kut, since 2014.
In 1899, one Captain Jonas Lehman, travelling in China with German forces, reported that he had met a money changer/merchant who claimed to be the Jewish High Priest. He claimed that the Jews had arrived in China at the very end of the H¬an Dynasty, (58-75 CE), about three years after the destruction of the Second Temple, in 70 CE The refugees had traveled to China through Khorosan and Samarkland,(Dr Leslie Malkin wrote “The Jews of China”).
In 1950, one Lieutenant Colonel Shih Hung-mo, of the air force of the Republic of China (Formosa), testified in an interview, as follows:
The first batch of Jews came to China about 620 CE. In 1056 BCE 114 people left Israel and travelled to Babylonia. In 139 CE after the Romans defeated Judea, and destroyed the 2nd Temple, this batch, now numbering 160, went east, arriving in India. Centuries later, they left the Ganges Valley, and slowly migrated east, arriving in 620 CE at Chang-an City (Scan) in China proper. 200 years later, (820 CE) they moved east to Shangchiu City, stayed 500 years, and then at the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, they moved to Yunnan Province and settled at Kunming City. and Talifu. In Yunnan Province, there were (are?) 85 individuals, of four clans: Shih; Li; Ai; and Ha families. A second batch came to China from India in the 8th century CE Chinese history books say they came from East Turkistan in the 12th century as the bearers of tribute to the Emperor of China and then settled in the capital city, Kaifeng-fu. 200 of this batch survive in Kaifeng, most living in the Lane of Scripture-Teaching. They have a rabbi and the Talmud in the Chinese Language. (Doubtful! ed.) The second batch was divided into 8 families of 7 clans with 6 different names: Chao; Chin; Chan; Ai; Kao; and Li. (The above-listed evidence are recorded in the book, “The Jews of China,” written by Dr Leslie Malkin.)