Top 5 Low Glycemic Foods to snack on

Top 5 Low Glycemic Foods to Snack on
Dt.  Krishna Dave 

Diploma in Naturopathy & Yogic Science (DNYS), M.Sc – Dietitics / Nutrition

90%  (877 ratings) • 1 Years experience

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Low Glycemic Index foods are those that cause minor changes in blood sugar levels.
Previously, most meal plans designed to improve blood sugar analyzed the total amount of carbohydrates (including sugars and starches) in the foods themselves. GI goes beyond this approach, looking at the impact of foods on our actual blood sugar. In other words, instead of counting the total amount of carbohydrates in foods in their unconsumed state, GI measures the actual impact of these foods on our blood sugar.
Foods that are high on the glycemic index scale tend to raise the blood sugar when they are digested. Low glycemic foods allow a more controlled and steady release of energy in the body. Low glycemic foods have plenty of health benefits; so choosing them as snacks can be a very healthy choice.
Meats and fats don’t have a GI because they do not contain carbohydrate.
Below are examples of foods based on their GI:
Low GI Foods (55 or Less)
All-bran

Oat bran

Rolled Oats

Natural Muesli

Porridge

100% stone-ground whole wheat or pumpernickel bread

Pasta, converted rice, barley, bulgar

Sweet potato, corn, yam, lima/butter beans, peas, legumes and lentils

Most fruits, non-starchy vegetables and carrots

Soya and Linseed

Wholegrain Pumpernickel

Heavy Mixed Grain

Whole Wheat

Sourdough Rye

Sourdough Wheat

Frozen Green Peas

Frozen Sweet Corn

Raw Carrots

Boiled Carrots

Eggplant/Aubergine

Broccoli

Cauliflower

Cabbage

Mushrooms

Tomatoes

Chillies

Lettuce

Green Beans

Red Peppers

Onions

Medium GI (56-69)
Whole wheat, rye and pita bread

Quick oats

Brown, wild or basmati rice, couscous

High GI (70 or more)
White bread or bagel

Corn flakes, puffed rice, bran flakes, instant oatmeal

Shortgrain white rice, rice pasta, macaroni and cheese from mix

Russet potato, pumpkin

Pretzels, rice cakes, popcorn, saltine crackers

melons and pineapple

What Affects the GI of a Food?
Fat and fiber tend to lower the GI of a food. As a general rule, the more cooked or processed a food, the higher the GI; however, this is not always true.
Below are a few specific examples of other factors that can affect the GI of a food:
Ripeness and Storage time – the more ripe a fruit or vegetable is, the higher the GI

Processing juice has a higher GI than whole fruit; mashed potato has a higher GI than a whole baked potato, stone ground whole wheat bread has a lower GI than whole wheat bread.

Cooking Method – how long a food is cooked (al dente pasta has a lower GI than soft-cooked pasta)

Variety – converted long-grain white rice has a lower GI than brown rice but short-grain white rice has a higher GI than brown rice.

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